Diabetes Mellitus Definition, Nature and Treatment
Everyone has to know about the diabetes mellitus definition. This metabolic disease can attack anyone regardless of ages and races. The main characteristic of this disease is high blood sugar level (glucose level). It is usually caused by defects in the insulin secretion or by the insulin actions. Moreover, it can be both as well. This disease is often associated with sweet urine back in hundreds of years ago. It’s called sweet urine because of the glucose spillage into urine caused by elevated blood glucose levels.
According to diabetes mellitus definition, in normal condition, insulin tightly controls the blood glucose level. Insulin itself is a certain hormone that is produced by pancreas. It functions to lower the level of blood glucose level. It’s usually released from pancreas when elevated blood glucose level is detected. Then, it normalizes the level through promotion of glucose uptake into the body cells. However, this normal condition doesn’t appear in patients with diabetes. In these patients body, there is a lack or absence of insulin due to hyperglycemia. Therefore, the blood glucose level cannot be properly controlled anymore. Once a patient is diagnosed with diabetes, the disease will last forever. No medicine of treatment can cure it. What the patients can do is control the blood glucose level.
Nowadays, we know three types of diabetes mellitus definition. They are diabetes type 1, type 2 and the gestational diabetes. Basically, all types have something in common. It’s the lack or absence of insulin. In a body of the patients, diabetes can affect other organs. The glucose will build up in the blood since cells cannot take it in. This buildup leads to disastrous events such as the damage on tiny blood vessels found in various organs including eyes, heart, nervous system and kidneys. This is basically the reason why untreated diabetes can cause serious diseases including kidney disease, nerve damage, blindness, stroke and heart disease.
Usually, the easiest way to detect diabetes in a patient with undiagnosed diabetes is to check the urination. If you somehow feel constantly thirsty though you always drink a lot of water every hour, you should be aware of diabetes. You may also urinate more frequently than before. Urination is the way the body removes extra glucose for patients with diabetes since the insulin is no longer capable delivering its mission. Now that you have acknowledged basic information on diabetes mellitus definition, prevention and early detection is the right thing to do.