Diabetes Mellitus Type 1, Symptoms and Management
Diabetes as metabolic disease has three different types, diabetes mellitus type 1, type 2 and the gestational diabetes. Each type has different characteristic though the symptoms are similar. The type 1 indeed is autoimmune condition. In this type, the patient’s body attacks the pancreas out of nowhere with antibodies. It damages the pancreas so it is no longer capable of producing insulin, a hormone to control blood glucose level. Usually, this type occurs due to genetic predisposition. Or, there can be another reason which is the effect of faulty beta cells in patient’s pancreas.
The symptoms of diabetes mellitus type 1 include unexplained weight loss, polyphagia or excessive hunger, polydipsia or excessive thirst, and polyuria or excessive urination. Other symptoms include blurred vision, nausea and fatigue. The symptoms usually last for months until your realize you suffer from diabetes. People in all ages can be diagnosed with this type of diabetes. The diagnosis can be sudden as well. When you are diagnosed, the only thing you can do is managing the disease. Do not leave it untreated. Though the cure doesn’t exist but disease management can prevent your condition from being worse.
When it comes to diabetes type 1 management, you can start by controlling the glycemic. A glycemic control allows reduction of microvascular complications and cardiovascular events. It also reduces the mortality rate. Self-monitoring of your blood glucose level is also very important. Use home analyzers and record the result of every control. Remember that blood glucose level can change in a matter of hours. The level should always be normal. It cannot be to low or too high.
The diabetes mellitus type 1 management also includes insulin therapy. When you are diagnosed with type 1, it means you will need insulin therapy throughout your life time. Usually, the dosage can be varied depending on the condition. Most patients require at least 2 insulin injections every day. Insulin injection can be replaced with preprandial insulin or basal insulin. Preprandial is short-acting or rapid-acting insulin while basal insulin is intermediate or long acting insulin.
Once you are diagnosed with diabetes mellitus type 1, there will some medical risks you will have to face. They include damages to various organs. To be more précised it is damage to organs’ tiny blood vessels. The organs at risk are nerves, kidneys, eyes and heart. That’s why some diabetes patients end up dying due to heart attack. Therefore, the disease management is important to perform in daily basis to avoid complications.