Several nursing diagnosis for diabetes that you should know
Diabetes mellitus appears when there is the decreasing in production of insulin by pancreas or cells do not respond the insulin inside the body which also known as the insulin resistance. Therefore the body cannot absorb the glucose by cells. So, you might need information about nursing diagnosis for diabetes that leads you to give clear information about your condition. Diabetes mellitus also a disease which had been caused by defective of carbohydrate metabolism and typically had been characterized by abnormal wide amount of sugar which you can find in blood and urine. The diabetes mellitus usually had been classified into 2 types, they are: type I or insulin dependent diabetes which had been called as juvenile onset diabetes that occurs in children and young people had been implicates as the one of autoimmune disease as well. Then type II or non insulin dependent also usually called as the adult onset diabetes had been found in people over than 40 years and progressing slowly as well.
Then diabetes mellitus that had been signed by hyperglycemia or high blood sugar also can be caused by not enough secretion of insulin that typically caused by defects on the pancreas or the development of insulin resistance which lead the less capacity to utilize insulin in proper way. So nursing diagnosis was an individual response toward the actual and potential issues, which is mean that the actual problem become the problem which had been found in the time of assessment and with other potential issue might likely arise later time.
Several nursing diagnosis in diabetes that you should know:
- The risk of infection
The infection can cause by the high level of glucose, the changes of circulation or decreasing of leukocytes’ function, the respiratory infection also can be a reason for risk factor.
Intervention of nursing:
- You can pay attention for infection or inflammation sign
- You are able to rotate IV sites and maintain the asepsis as well.
- Ensure that you get good hygiene
- Provide the skin care and keep your skin dry
- Give antibiotic as you need or required.
- The risk of imbalanced nutrition
The nutrition need inside the body does not met and less than required
- Decreasing the intake of food which caused by anorexia, abdominal pain, nausea or altered consciousness.
- Experiencing weight loss, dilute urinate, urge urinate frequently, diarrhea, weakness, fatigue and more
- Having insulin deficiency
- Hormone of stress also getting released
Intervention of nursing:
- You can check the bowel sound and make a report about the abdominal discomfort, diarrhea and vomiting
- You should weigh the patient in daily basis, get the dietary recall and comparing with the current food.
- Give glucoseand insulin, if required
- Check to find out signs or symptoms for hypoglycemia and provide the glucose test
- The dietary should contain of 60% of carbs then 20% of fats and protein.