The Difference between Type 1 and Type 2 Diabetes
When people heard about diabetes, people start assuming about this disease, which is sometimes not always accurate. It is because diabetes has two main types, type 1 and type 2, which not everyone knows the differences. Comparing type 1 and type 2 of diabetes is like comparing apples to tractors, the only similarity they have is both involving an inability to control blood sugar levels.
Here are the important differences between type 1 and type 2 diabetes
- Type 1 is an autoimmune disease, while type 2 is not.
Diabetes occurs when your body is in trouble with insulin, a hormone that helps convert sugar from your food into energy. When insulin in your body is not enough, sugar accumulates in the blood and can make you sick. People with type 1 and type 2 diabetes both face this problem but how this illness comes up is something very different. If you have diabetes type 1, your body does not produce insulin at all. That is because the diabetes type 1 is an immune system infection in which your safe framework assaults and wrecks the insulin-delivering cells in your pancreas. No one knows exactly what causes it, but genetic factors may play a role in this disease.
Meanwhile, in type 2 diabetes, the body still produces insulin, but also does not produce enough or the body has difficulty using insulin efficiently. The main risk factors for type 2 diabetes include obesity (especially if you have more weight around your abdomen) and less physical activity. A family history that has this disease can also increase your risk.
- Consumption of insulin a must for type 1 diabetes, treatment of type 2 diabetes is more varied.
Because people with type 1 can’t produce insulin by themselves, they should either routinely do the insulin injection or use insulin pumps attached to their body. Without insulin, their life will end. Type 2 diabetes is more like a treatment option. You may be given instructions to monitor your diet, do more exercise and lose weight. But most people with type 2 diabetes also take pills that encourage the body to make more insulin and or lower blood sugar levels. If these steps do not work and the disease gets worse, you may have to switch using insulin injections.
- Low blood sugar is more common in type 1 diabetes.
High blood sugar is harmful, but very low blood sugar (hypoglycemia) can cause weakness, dizziness, sweating and shaking. In severe cases, this can make you faint and even life threatening. It is more common in people with type 1. That’s because you need to be careful in calculating how much insulin to be consumed (by injection or pump) based on food intake and activity level. It is not always easy, consuming more insulin than you will need to make the blood sugar level decrease. Likewise if you exercise, although healthy, it can also cause low blood sugar. If you experience symptoms of hypoglycemia, you need to do something to raise your blood sugar quickly.